Pheasant: South Dakotas state bird, the Chinese ringneck pheasant is a vital part of South Dakotas economy. Hunters from across the world come mostly to eastern South Dakota to chase these wily birds. Population estimates figure there are between 8 and 10 million of these birds in the state.
Whitetail deer: Located throughout the entire state, the whitetail deer is a common animal in South Dakota. Most active during the fall in a time called the rut, these deer can be seen feeding in fields during morning and evening hours.
Canada Goose: This large waterfowl inhabits the entire state. Its characteristic black and white feather patterning with the unmistakable honking noise make it easy to recognize. During fall and spring migration, one can often see the large birds flying in the characteristic V pattern.
Pronghorn Antelope: The antelope primarily inhabits western South Dakota. It uses its speed to escape danger, running at speeds that can top 60 mph, making it the fastest land animal in North America.
Prairie Dog: Mostly in western South Dakota, this small mammal burrows a series of tunnels and rooms underground where large colonies live in what are called prairie dog towns. While actually a rodent, the prairie dog gets its name from a warning call it makes that sounds similar to a small dogs bark.
Coyote: This canine is an opportunistic hunter that is located throughout South Dakota. Though they may cause many farmers and ranchers fits by scaring or hunting their cattle, coyotes are a vital part of the states ecosystem and South Dakotas state animal.